While preparing for today’s Boston Radio show (Friday January 16, 2009) about cancer an online friend emailed me about IBC. I had no idea what IBC was…she sent me a link to some You Tube Videos that helped explained one of the least known breast cancers that are usually NOT DIAGNOSED till the women are in Stage 4!
I will be posting a video at the end of this post as well so you can listen to some important information about IBC.
I wanted to help spread the word about IBC, I lost two aunts to breast cancer several years ago and the gene runs in our family. But this term was new to me so I did some more research and here is what I found out:
Taken from Cancer.gov
- Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare but very aggressive type of breast cancer (see Question 1).
- IBC usually grows rapidly and often spreads to other parts of the body; symptoms include redness, swelling, and warmth in the breast (see Questions 2 and 3).
- Treatment for IBC usually starts with chemotherapy, which is generally followed by surgery, radiation, targeted therapy, and/or hormone therapy (see Question 4).
- People with IBC are encouraged to enroll in clinical trials (research studies with people) that explore new treatments (see Question 5).
- What is inflammatory breast cancer (IBC)?
- What are the symptoms of IBC?
- How is IBC diagnosed?
- How is IBC treated?
- Are clinical trials (research studies with people) available? Where can people get more information about clinical trials?
- What is the prognosis for patients with IBC?
- Where can a person find more information about breast cancer and its treatment?
- NCI’s Breast Cancer Home Page (http://www.cancer.gov/breast/)
- Breast Cancer (PDQВ®): Treatment (http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/breast/patient/)
- Understanding Breast Changes: A Health Guide for All Women (http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/understanding-breast-changes)
- What You Need To Know Aboutв„ў Breast Cancer (http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/breast)
Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare but very aggressive type of breast cancer in which the cancer cells block the lymph vessels in the skin of the breast. This type of breast cancer is called вЂњinflammatoryвЂќ because the breast often looks swollen and red, or вЂњinflamed.вЂќ IBC accounts for 1 to 5 percent of all breast cancer cases in the United States (1). It tends to be diagnosed in younger women compared to non-IBC breast cancer. It occurs more frequently and at a younger age in African Americans than in Whites. Like other types of breast cancer, IBC can occur in men, but usually at an older age than in women. Some studies have shown an association between family history of breast cancer and IBC, but more studies are needed to draw firm conclusions (2).
Symptoms of IBC may include redness, swelling, and warmth in the breast, often without a distinct lump in the breast. The redness and warmth are caused by cancer cells blocking the lymph vessels in the skin. The skin of the breast may also appear pink, reddish purple, or bruised. The skin may also have ridges or appear pitted, like the skin of an orange (called peau d’orange), which is caused by a buildup of fluid and edema (swelling) in the breast. Other symptoms include heaviness, burning, aching, increase in breast size, tenderness, or a nipple that is inverted (facing inward) (3). These symptoms usually develop quicklyвЂ”over a period of weeks or months. Swollen lymph nodes may also be present under the arm, above the collarbone, or in both places. However, it is important to note that these symptoms may also be signs of other conditions such as infection, injury, or other types of cancer (1).
Diagnosis of IBC is based primarily on the results of a doctor’s clinical examination (1). Biopsy, mammogram, and breast ultrasound are used to confirm the diagnosis. IBC is classified as either stage IIIB or stage IV breast cancer (2). Stage IIIB breast cancers are locally advanced; stage IV breast cancer is cancer that has spread to other organs. IBC tends to grow rapidly, and the physical appearance of the breast of patients with IBC is different from that of patients with other stage III breast cancers. IBC is an especially aggressive, locally advanced breast cancer.
Cancer staging describes the extent or severity of an individual’s cancer. (More information on staging is available in the National Cancer Institute (NCI) fact sheet Staging: Questions and Answers at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Detection/staging on the Internet.) Knowing a cancer’s stage helps the doctor develop a treatment plan and estimate prognosis (the likely outcome or course of the disease; the chance of recovery or recurrence).
Treatment consisting of chemotherapy, targeted therapy, surgery, radiation therapy, and hormonal therapy is used to treat IBC. Patients may also receive supportive care to help manage the side effects of the cancer and its treatment. Chemotherapy (anticancer drugs) is generally the first treatment for patients with IBC, and is called neoadjuvant therapy. Chemotherapy is systemic treatment, which means that it affects cells throughout the body. The purpose of chemotherapy is to control or kill cancer cells, including those that may have spread to other parts of the body.
After chemotherapy, patients with IBC may undergo surgery and radiation therapy to the chest wall. Both radiation and surgery are local treatments that affect only cells in the tumor and the immediately surrounding area. The purpose of surgery is to remove the tumor from the body, while the purpose of radiation therapy is to destroy remaining cancer cells. Surgery to remove the breast (or as much of the breast tissue as possible) is called a mastectomy. Lymph node dissection (removal of the lymph nodes in the underarm area for examination under a microscope) is also done during this surgery.
After initial systemic and local treatment, patients with IBC may receive additional systemic treatments to reduce the risk of recurrence (cancer coming back). Such treatments may include additional chemotherapy, hormonal therapy (treatment that interferes with the effects of the female hormone estrogen, which can promote the growth of breast cancer cells), targeted therapy (such as trastuzumab, also known as HerceptinВ®), or all three. Trastuzumab is administered to patients whose tumors overexpress the HERвЂ“2 tumor protein. More information about Herceptin and the HERвЂ“2 protein is available in the NCI fact sheet HerceptinВ® (Trastuzumab): Questions and Answers, which can be found at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/therapy/herceptin on the Internet.
Supportive care is treatment given to improve the quality of life of patients who have a serious or life-threatening disease, such as cancer. It prevents or treats as early as possible the symptoms of the disease, side effects caused by treatment of the disease, and psychological, social, and spiritual problems related to the disease or its treatment. For example, compression garments may be used to treat lymphedema (swelling caused by excess fluid buildup) resulting from radiation therapy or the removal of lymph nodes. Additionally, meeting with a social worker, counselor, or member of the clergy can be helpful to those who want to talk about their feelings or discuss their concerns. A social worker can often suggest resources for help with recovery, emotional support, financial aid, transportation, or home care.
Yes. The NCI is sponsoring clinical trials that are designed to find new treatments and better ways to use current treatments. Before any new treatment can be recommended for general use, doctors conduct clinical trials to find out whether the treatment is safe for patients and effective against the disease. Participation in clinical trials is a treatment option for many patients with IBC, and all patients with IBC are encouraged to consider treatment in a clinical trial.
People interested in taking part in a clinical trial should talk with their doctor. Information about clinical trials is available from the NCI’s Cancer Information Service (CIS) (see below) at 1вЂ“800вЂ“4вЂ“CANCER and in the NCI booklet Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies, which is available at http://www.cancer.gov/publications on the Internet . This booklet describes how research studies are carried out and explains their possible benefits and risks. Further information about clinical trials is available at http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials on the NCI’s Web site. The Web site offers detailed information about specific ongoing studies by linking to PDQВ®, the NCI’s comprehensive cancer information database. The CIS also provides information from PDQ.
Prognosis describes the likely course and outcome of a diseaseвЂ”that is, the chance that a patient will recover or have a recurrence. IBC is more likely to have metastasized (spread to other areas of the body) at the time of diagnosis than non-IBC cases (3). As a result, the 5-year survival rate for patients with IBC is between 25 and 50 percent, which is significantly lower than the survival rate for patients with non-IBC breast cancer. It is important to keep in mind, however, that these statistics are averages based on large numbers of patients. Statistics cannot be used to predict what will happen to a particular patient because each person’s situation is unique. Patients are encouraged to talk to their doctors about their prognosis given their particular situation.
To learn more about IBC, other types of breast cancer, and breast health in general, please refer to the following resources:
Related NCI materials and Web pages:
- National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet 2.1, Cancer Information Sources
- National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet 5.32, Staging: Questions and Answers
- National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet 7.1, Radiation Therapy for Cancer: Questions and Answers
- National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet 7.2, Biological Therapies for Cancer: Questions and Answers
- National Cancer Institute Fact Sheet 7.45, HerceptinВ® (Trastuzumab): Questions and Answers
- Chemotherapy and You: Support for People With Cancer (http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/chemotherapy-and-you)
- Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies (http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/Taking-Part-in-Cancer-Treatment-Research-Studies)
For more help, contact:
- NCI’s Cancer Information Service
Telephone (toll-free): 1вЂ“800вЂ“4вЂ“CANCER (1вЂ“800вЂ“422вЂ“6237)
TTY (toll-free): 1вЂ“800вЂ“332вЂ“8615
LiveHelpВ® online chat: https://cissecure.nci.nih.gov/livehelp/welcome.asp
Taken from Cancer.gov
You Tube Videos from news casts about IBC:
News Cast on IBC Symptoms
For those who are survivors or who are family members of breast care patients, surviors or lost someone to breast cancer I urge you to join Fran Drescher’s Organization Cancer Schmancer and become an advocate for women’s rights in health care!
It is time we stand up for our health! No one else is going to do this but us!
It is free to join, and to help spread the word!
Go to http://www.cancerschmancer.org today and register to become an advocate, recieve news updates and more from Cancer Schmancer.
It is time we women stand up, fight and have our voices heard once again! This time it IS A MATTER OF LIFE OR DEATH!!